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As the world is in 21st century,where everyone talks about equality, child education,freedom,women empowernment and many more,there are thoudsands of issues prevailing in many parts of India and world which is making their growth flagrant.

Girl Child

In an outland ruling with gender inequalities and an elemental nature of patriarchism, girl child often find herself unnoticed. Injustice against girl is outrageous and due to the fear of exploitation, they are not addressed to school. Child marriage is yet another noticeable situation due to which girls are forced to remunerate going to school at an early age.

  • 53% of girls in the age group 5 to 9 years are unschooled.
  • 75% of married Indian women were adolescent when they got married.

Child Marriage

As it is notorious to every Indian,the legal age for marriage in India is 18 years for girls and 21 years for boys,disregarding is obviously punishable.But it is unable to bar child marriage from being controllable across the country even in this day and age. It is often a demonstration of gender inequality, reflecting social norms that maintain injustice against girls and prevails across castes and class and consolidates its existence in society.

Although child marriage affects both boys and girls, in most cases, it is the girl children that are afflicted the most. As per 2011 census, there are close to 15 million girls who are married before the legal age every year. Being seen as ‘burden’ since birth, traditionally the mindset of the society has been to get her married as early as possible. Shortage of education and attention about the repercussion of child marriage,poor exercise of the law and lack of desire on the part of the enforcement are important reasons for the endurance of child marriage. For female offspring, sooner than expected marriage leads to vulnerable sexual activity which may result in serious health consequences. Adolescent amalgamation often lead to early mothership and alarming health issues. This not only affects the mother, but even the infant born is malnourished and prone to disease.


Another issue that must not left unnoticed is "Malnutrition" in India that affects breath of millions of children. Among the 472 million offsprings (2011 census), a massive 97 million are anemic and undernourished. For children five years or younger, close to 40% (actually 38.7%) are dwarfed , 19.8% are lean and 42.4% are starved. The data-set revealed by the current NFHS-4, states that nine out of the 11 states observed have not been able to trim Infant Mortality Rate even by 2 points yearly. And that, 25 out of 1000 infants are not even blessed to see their first birthday. India has largest population of children below 18 years with 400 million. and witnesses more than 27,00,000 child deaths a year, with the figures for female children being much higher than male children.

Some statistical rates are listed below as per NFHS-III :

  • Out of the 400 million children in India, every second child is malnourished.
  • Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) in India continues to be high at 212 per 100,000 live births (Sample Registration System – SRS, 2011).
  • In India 22% babies are born with low birth weight (NFHS-III).
  • In India about 55% of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes children under 3 years of age are underweight compared to about 37% of children from the general population of 400 million children(NFHS-III).
  • The Under-5 Mortality Rate (U5MR) in India is 88.1% for Schedule Caste and 95.7% for Schedule Tribe children, against the national average of 59.2% (NFHS-III)
  • 56% adolescent girls (15-19 years) in India are anemic, as against 30% adolescent boys (National Family Health Survey III – NFHS)
  • Only 54% children of the 400 million in India receive full immunization (District Level Household & Facility Survey III – DLHI, 2007-08)

Child Trafficking

The next emerging issue is Child Trafficking,which is another serious concern that is frequent exclusively in India. According to a report advertised by U.S. Department of State, “India is a destination and passage country for men, women and children governed to forced labour and sex trafficking.The majority of India’s trafficking problem is internal, and affect the low caste Dalits, members of tribal communities, religious minorities and women and girls from excluded groups.

According to the 2012 Global Report on Trafficking in Persons released by United Nations Office on Drug and Crime, the 27% of all victims of human trafficking encountered between year 2007 and 2010 are children and results in child abuse and child labour.

Gender Inequality

Another big area of concern is the gender biasing among missing children, as the MHA data discloses. Over 2010-2014, out of the 3.85 lakh children who went missing across the country, 61% were girls. The cruelty of the problem demands that the resolution of the government be enhanced by public awareness.

Gender inequality has been a social issue in India for millenium. In many parts of India,even the birth of a girl child is not greeted. It is a known fact too, that discrimination starts even at a stage of foetus, and if she survives to see the sunshine,her breath is assasinated as an infant, which concludes a high child sex ratio where for every 1000 boys in India, there are only 908 girls. In such a scenario, it is but obvious that for countless reasons, many girls across the country are forced to discontinue their education.

Parental benchmark have marked women as secondary to men. It is unexpected this state of incident in the 21st Century when women have proved to be strong leaders in every field possible. But inspite of such progress, even today, the girl child is segregated against in most Indian households.

  • While 62% of the male children receive full vaccination, among girls it is 60% of them receiving so (Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, 2012)
  • School dropout rate amongst adolescent girls in India is as high as 63.5% (Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, 2012).
  • Nearly 45% girls In India get married before the age of 18(NFHS-III)

The crying need is to shift the mentality of the society and wipe out the unfairness that damage the future of society by raising alarming issues.

A Step by SMVS to lead the change

In almost all cases, education may come to completely freeze the people.

The intention of SMVS is to create a world where everyone can celebrate their jolliness for access to equal opportunities to learn, to flourish and to blossom.

In 2014, there were optimistic signs - the number of child labourers decreased by 65% - from 1.26 crore to 82.2 lakh between Census 2001 to and Census 2011 which also revealed that India's capital had seen over 1500 child labour rescues between 2013 and 2014.

SMVS aims to make child labour not only superfluous by a variety of blueprint to grant children, but also to make it ethically and humanly inadmissible.

Education is one of the most compelling promoter of development in society. When a child is able to go to school today, he or she sets off a cycle of positive change. But, thousands of children in India lack access to education and can’t even write their own names. Moreover, underprivileged children between the ages of 11 to 14 years are hugely vulnerable to dropping out of schools. A civilized child stays away from an early marriage and is entitled to stand up against exploitation. As children grow, they are able to make better choices for themselves and influence the communities they live in. This transforms their present life and ensures a secure future for them.

Finely,being the concerned citizens SMVS has pledged to do something about it, something consequential, something material, something essential. The time to take cumulative as well as personal authority to relief the present situation is here.

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